How It Could Fuel Crypto Crimes According to Chainalysis

Digital artwork depicting artificial intelligence algorithms intertwining with cryptocurrency symbols, indicating a potential increase in cybercrime.

The Adoption of AI by Crypto Criminals: A Chainalysis Insight

As we stand on the brink of technological revolution, artificial intelligence (AI) emerges not only as a beacon of innovation but also as a potential catalyst for a new era of cryptocurrency-based crimes, Chainalysis, a leading blockchain intelligence platform, has warned. In a recent webinar attended by Cryptonews, Eric Jardine, the Cybercrimes Research Lead at Chainalysis, delved into the evolving trends of illicit blockchain activities throughout 2023. He shed light on the discussions within the cybersecurity community about the implications of rapidly advancing technologies, particularly large language models (LLMs), on the landscape of blockchain crime.

AI: A Double-Edged Sword for DeFi Security

The decentralized finance (DeFi) sector, already a hotspot for cryptocurrency theft, stands at the crossroads of potential exploitation and enhanced security due to AI. Jardine illuminated the paradoxical nature of AI application in DeFi, where the same technological advancements could serve both as a shield and a weapon. “Imagine an AI model designed for code audits, aimed at bolstering the security of DeFi platforms. Conversely, these models could fall into the wrong hands, enabling illicit actors to uncover and exploit vulnerabilities in smart contracts,” Jardine elucidated.

This dual potential of AI creates an uncertain future for blockchain security. While AI could significantly improve the resilience of smart contracts against attacks, it could also arm cybercriminals with sophisticated tools to bypass these defenses. The decline in the total value of stolen DeFi funds from $3.1 billion in 2022 to $1.1 billion in 2023 reflects an ongoing battle between advancing security measures and evolving criminal tactics.

AI’s Role in the Evolution of Romance Scams

Beyond the realm of DeFi, the application of artificial intelligence in facilitating romance scams presents a chilling prospect. These scams, often beginning with innocuous contact, gradually evolve into manipulative relationships aimed at financial exploitation. Jardine highlighted the potential for AI to revolutionize these scams, stating, “Large language models, with their endless patience and boundless creativity, could significantly enhance the efficiency and believability of these scams.”


The data underscores a troubling trend: despite a reduction in the overall volume of scams, the revenue from romance scams surged last year, indicating that these operations are becoming more effective and damaging. The sophistication brought about by AI could further exacerbate this issue, leading to an increase in the average loss per victim.

The Future of Crypto Crime in the AI Era

As the digital landscape continues to evolve, the introduction of AI into the sphere of cryptocurrency crime presents both challenges and opportunities. The insights from Chainalysis serve as a crucial reminder of the dynamic and often precarious balance between technological advancement and cybersecurity. With AI poised to become a significant player in the future of crypto crime, the need for innovative and robust security measures has never been more apparent. As the industry navigates these uncharted waters, the ultimate impact of AI on cryptocurrency crime remains to be seen, underscoring the importance of vigilance and ongoing research in this field.

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